city of london

All figures refer to the observation period 1971–2000. From medieval times, the City has been composed of 25 ancient wards, each headed by an alderman, who chairs Wardmotes, which still take place at least annually. The City is now only a tiny part of the metropolis of London, though it remains a notable part of central London. We are a friendly group that meets twice a month in the City of London, with a varied programme and an emphasis on encouraging our members to improve their knowledge and practice of photography. Supporting this status, the City was a special parliamentary borough that elected four members to the unreformed House of Commons, who were retained after the Reform Act 1832; reduced to two under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885; and ceased to be a separate constituency under the Representation of the People Act 1948. The insurance industry is focused around the eastern side of the City, around Lloyd's building. The City of London is widely referred to simply as the City (differentiated from the phrase "the city of London" by capitalising City) and is also colloquially known as the Square Mile, as it is 1.12 sq mi (716.80 acres; 2.90 km2)[6] in area. Londinium was an ethnically diverse city, with inhabitants from across the Roman Empire, including natives of Britannia, continental Europe, the Middle East, and North Africa. In recent years the Group … The nearest weather station has historically been the London Weather Centre at Kingsway/ Holborn, although observations ceased in 2010. Each ward also has a Ward Club, which is similar to a residents' association. The London Port Health Authority, which is the responsibility of the Corporation, is responsible for all port health functions on the tidal part of the Thames, including various seaports and London City Airport. This generally causes higher night-time minima than outlying areas. The Roman legions established a settlement known as "Londinium" on the current site of the City of London around AD 43. Like many areas of London and other British cities, the City fell victim to large scale and highly destructive aerial bombing during World War II, especially in the Blitz. Only electors who are Freemen of the City of London are eligible to stand. A section near the Museum of London was revealed after the devastation of an air raid on 29 December 1940 at the height of the Blitz. There are several "London Terminals"[85][86] in the City: All stations in the City are in London fare zone 1.[82]. The Museum of London is based there, as are a number of other services provided by the Corporation. It is physically a polycentric city, with many core districts and no clear hierarchy among them. It replaced the original St Paul's, which had been completely destroyed in the Great Fire of London, and is considered to be one of the finest cathedrals in Britain and a fine example of Baroque architecture. Although no longer used for its original purpose, its location at the corner of Cornhill and Threadneedle Street continues to be the geographical centre of the City's core of banking and financial services, with the Bank of England moving to its present site in 1734, opposite the Royal Exchange on Threadneedle Street. Although growth has continued in both locations,[ambiguous] and there have been relocations in both directions, the Corporation has come to realise that its planning policies may have been causing financial firms to choose Canary Wharf as a location. [68] The 2001 Census showed the City as a unique district amongst 376 districts surveyed in England and Wales. The City also took in the other "City bars" which were situated just beyond the old walled area, such as at Holborn, Aldersgate, West Smithfield, Bishopsgate and Aldgate. #3 Best Value of 101 places to stay in City of London. Over 500 banks have offices in the City. It is thought to have been adopted in the 17th century, as the earliest record of it is in 1633.[42][44]. After the fire of 1666, a number of plans were drawn up to remodel the City and its street pattern into a renaissance-style city with planned urban blocks, squares and boulevards. Census data provides eight nominal rather than 25 real wards, all of varying size and population. [12] The legal profession forms a major component of the northern and western sides of the City, especially in the Temple and Chancery Lane areas where the Inns of Court are located, of which two—Inner Temple and Middle Temple—fall within the City of London boundary. The centre of trade and population moved away from the walled Londinium to Lundenwic ("London market"), a settlement to the west, roughly in the modern-day Strand/Aldwych/Covent Garden area. The City has a resident population of 9,401 (ONS estimate, mid-2016) but over 500,000 are employed there,[11] and some estimates put the number of workers in the city to be over 1 million. London - London - Character of the city: If the border of the metropolis is well defined, its internal structure is immensely complicated and defies description. Noteworthy contemporary buildings include a number of modern high-rise buildings (see section below) as well as the Lloyd's building. Many of the medieval offices and traditions continue to the present day, demonstrating the unique nature of the City and its Corporation. [80] Some of the extra accommodation is in small pre-World War II listed buildings, which are not suitable for occupation by the large companies which now provide much of the City's employment. Founded in 1123, it is located at Smithfield, and is undergoing a long-awaited regeneration after doubts as to its continuing use during the 1990s. [62] It is the smallest territorial police force in England and Wales, in both geographic area and the number of police officers. London's foreign exchange market has been described by Reuters as 'the crown jewel of London’s financial sector'. [67] To the right is a table showing the change in population since 1801, based on decadal censuses. The force has rare red and white chequered cap bands and unique red and white striped duty arm bands on the sleeves of the tunics of constables and sergeants (red and white being the colours of the City), which in most other British police forces are black and white. 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